1948 Jan.- Feb.,
Manchuria: During a second Chinese Communist
attempt to seize the Liaosi Corridor, Cheng Kai-shek takes command of Nationalist
Chinese forces in Manchuria. After the corridor is secured Chiang returns to Nanking.
1948 March-April, North/Central China:
The Chinese Communist offensive in Shensi
results in the recapture of their former capital at Yenan on April 19, lost to
Nationalist Chinese forces a year previously.
1948 March-Sept., Manchuria: The Communists
Chinese forces continue to apply pressure on the Nationalist military formations
resulting with the Nationalist withdrawal from Ch'angch'un. This action
demoralized the Nationalist army to a large extent. Communist forces then seized
the Liaosi Corridor on Sept. 12. Chiang Kai-shek traveled to Peking to assume
military command, ordering his forces to withdraw.
May-September, North/Central China: Communist
forces begin an offensive in the Yellow River Valley which culminates in the Battle
of Tsinan from Sept. 14-24, during which 80,000 Nationalist troops are captured
or defect to the Communist Chinese side.
1948 Oct. 27-30, Manchuria: Three retreating
Nationalist army columns where attacked by the Communist forces. Most Nationalist
soldiers involved in this action where either killed, captured, or fled. Nationalist
General Liao Yueh-hsiang, in command, a veteran of action in Burma, was killed.
1948 Nov. 1, Manchuria: The
city of Mukden falls to the Communist Chinese forces, who are in control of the
whole of Manchuria by Dec. 31. The Nationalists have lost 300,000 men in their
attempt to take Manchuria.
November-January, North/Central China: Battle
of the Hwai Hai: Approximately 500,000 troops on both sides are engaged in the
fighting. The Nationalist forces lose the battle with casualties reported to be
as high as 250,000 men, including the commanders of the Nationalist Second and
Seventh Army groups.