Jan. 21, North/Central China: Chiang Kai-shek
resigns as president of the Nationalist Chinese government. Vice President Li
Tsung-jen becomes acting president.
Jan. 22, North/Central China: Peking falls
to Chinese Communist forces after a long siege. Mao Tse-tung soon after moves
the Communist Chinese capital from Yenan to Peking.
February, North/Central China: Withdrawal
of the US 3rd Marine Regiment from Tientsin, there under the auspices
of the 1901 Boxer Protocol. Considered being the final abandonment of the Nationalists
by the US in the civil war.
April 1, North/Central China: The Nationalist
Chinese make overtures for a peace settlement with the Communist Chinese, suggesting
a division of the country at the Yangtse River. The Communists reject the proposals
and call for the Nationalists to surrender.
April 20, North/Central China: Communists
forces cross the Yangtse River and approach the Nationalist capital at Nanking.
The Nationalists, having begun the evacuation of government to Canton on
Jan. 19, complete the withdrawal from Nanking.
April 22, North/Central China: Fall of Nanking
to Chinese Communist forces.
May-December, China (National Republic): The
Nationalist forces begin to collapse with the defection of many of their troops
and commanders to the Communist Chinese side. The Nationalists move their capital
from Canton to Chungking as the Communists press their advantage.
Aug. 5, United States of America: The US
State Department releases a document criticizing the Nationalist Chinese and cutting
off all aid.
1949 Sept. 21, China
(People's Republic): The Communist Chinese
side declares founding of The People's Republic of China at Peking with Mao
Tse-tung as chairman of the Central People's Government. Recognition
is given by the USSR, India, Burma and Ceylon (Sri Lanka). Great Britain follows
on Jan. 6 1950.
1949 Oct. 15, North/Central
China: Fall of Canton. The Nationalist Chinese
offer little resistance.
30, North/Central China: Fall of the Nationalist
Chinese capital at Chungking. A new capital is established at Ch'engtu.
1949 Dec. 7, North/Central China: The
Nationalist forces complete an evacuation to the island of Formosa (now known
as the Republic of China or Taiwan) as the Communist Chinese forces approach the
last mainland Nationalist capital at Ch'engtu. The Nationalists retain control
of the islands of Matsu, Quermoy and Tachen.