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The chronology will be expanded to track major cross-straits issues and events so check back often.


1960 Jan. 28, China (People's Republic): Sino-Burmese treaty is signed.

1960 June 3, China (People's Republic):
Anti-Chinese revolt in Tibet.

1960 June 29, China (People's Republic): Tensions emerge over the borders with Nepal.

1962 March 24, Quemoy:
Communist Chinese air raids over Quemoy result in another intervention by the US Seventh Fleet. Nationalist Chinese combat aircraft shoot down Communist Chinese aircraft in aerial battles. Invasion threat soon passes.

1962 Oct. 30.-Nov. 21, China (People's Republic): India-China Border War, results with 3,213 Indian soldiers and 800 civilians made prisoners of war, later repatriated.

1962-1974, National Republic/Communist China: Periodic minor military operations continue between the Nationalist and the Communist Chinese forces. In 1972 the Republic of China is replaced in the United Nations by the People's Republic of China as the recognized capitol of China, in 1973 the United States recognizes the Peking government as the legitimate governing body of China. These acts dash any hopes the Nationalist leaders in Formosa have of returning to the mainland as a ruling government

1963-1965, China (People's Republic): Chinese Communists support of North Vietnam, straining relations with the USSR.

1964-1974, China (People's Republic): Periodic border conflicts with the USSR. People's Republic of China demands return of lands taken in the Soviet Far East by Czarist Russia in the 19th century. Communist China presses these conflicts along border areas in which territorial demarcations are unclear.

1964 Oct. 16, China (People's Republic): First successful atomic bomb detonation. The People's Republic of China becomes the world's fifth nation to possess atomic weaponry and the technology to manufacture additional weapons.

1966-1969, China (People's Republic): The Cultural Revolution generates violence throughout the mainland, inspired in part by Mao Tse-tung's desire to rejuvenate the Communist "revolutionary spirit" in the party and the people. Although some Chinese Communist Army commanders tolerated the unrest, eventually they initiate the move to restore order, with Mao's reluctant approval.

1966 Oct. 17, China (People's Republic): China test fires a missile armed with a nuclear warhead, its fourth nuclear explosion and the first using a weapon mounted on a delivery vehicle (missile).

1967 June 17, China (People's Republic): China detonates its first hydrogen bomb, its fifth nuclear explosion. The nuclear test sites are at Lop Nor in SinKiang Providence.

1969 March 2-15, China (People's Republic): Combat erupts between Chinese Communist forces and the Soviet forces along multiple points on the Manchurian frontier. Border clashes have been on going for the previous five years and will continue in the following months.

Latest Update: September 9, 2003