1960 Jan. 28, China
(People's Republic): Sino-Burmese treaty
1960 June 3, China (People's
Republic): Anti-Chinese revolt in Tibet.
1960 June 29, China (People's Republic):
Tensions emerge over the borders with Nepal.
1962 March 24, Quemoy: Communist
Chinese air raids over Quemoy result in another intervention by the US Seventh
Fleet. Nationalist Chinese combat aircraft shoot down Communist Chinese aircraft
in aerial battles. Invasion threat soon passes.
Oct. 30.-Nov. 21, China (People's Republic): India-China
Border War, results with 3,213 Indian soldiers and 800 civilians made prisoners
of war, later repatriated.
National Republic/Communist China: Periodic
minor military operations continue between the Nationalist and the Communist Chinese
forces. In 1972 the Republic of China is replaced in the United Nations by the
People's Republic of China as the recognized capitol of China, in 1973 the
United States recognizes the Peking government as the legitimate governing body
of China. These acts dash any hopes the Nationalist leaders in Formosa have of
returning to the mainland as a ruling government
China (People's Republic): Chinese Communists
support of North Vietnam, straining relations with the USSR.
China (People's Republic): Periodic border
conflicts with the USSR. People's Republic of China demands return of lands taken
in the Soviet Far East by Czarist Russia in the 19th century. Communist
China presses these conflicts along border areas in which territorial demarcations
1964 Oct. 16, China
(People's Republic): First successful
atomic bomb detonation. The People's Republic of China becomes the world's
fifth nation to possess atomic weaponry and the technology to manufacture additional
1966-1969, China (People's
Republic): The Cultural Revolution generates
violence throughout the mainland, inspired in part by Mao Tse-tung's desire
to rejuvenate the Communist "revolutionary spirit" in the party and
the people. Although some Chinese Communist Army commanders tolerated the unrest,
eventually they initiate the move to restore order, with Mao's reluctant approval.
1966 Oct. 17, China (People's Republic):
China test fires a missile armed with a nuclear
warhead, its fourth nuclear explosion and the first using a weapon mounted on
a delivery vehicle (missile).
June 17, China (People's Republic): China
detonates its first hydrogen bomb, its fifth nuclear explosion. The nuclear test
sites are at Lop Nor in SinKiang Providence.
March 2-15, China (People's Republic): Combat
erupts between Chinese Communist forces and the Soviet forces along multiple points
on the Manchurian frontier. Border clashes have been on going for the previous
five years and will continue in the following months.